Both Node.js and PHP are popular platforms for websites, APIs, and other types of web content. They have a few similarities, but their differences far outweigh those similarities. In this post, you about to discover some really cool difference to know who wins the battle between PHP vs Node.js:
WHAT ARE THE SIMILARITIES BETWEEN PHP VS NODE.JS?
First, let’s take a deeper look at how Node.js vs PHP are similar. Since they’re both common in software development, we can look at a few aspects of their similarities. We’ll see what similar types of applications they handle, the platforms they run on, and how they’re both extensible.
Let’s dive into some common similarities that you need to know before you begin to conclude who wins the between PHP vs Node.js.
NODE.JS VS PHP APPLICATION TYPES
Node.js and PHP are both used to serve web requests. They run on a server and handle requests that are routed to them. You can use either one to serve static content, dynamic web pages, and requests for data.
Both technologies can be used for serving up streams as well. However, Node.js has a very straightforward way of doing so with the stream API. PHP is a bit more complicated; you’ve got to do more of the low-level coding in order to get it to do something like streaming a video.
PHP VS NODE.JS CROSS-PLATFORM
Node.js and PHP are both cross-platform. You can run Node.js on Linux, macOS, Windows, or even SunOS; you can target 32-bit, 64-bit, and ARM processor architectures. And, of course, there are official Docker images on Docker Hub. If compiling the source code is your thing, you can always do that, too. Here we have a tie when it comes to compatibility with platforms. Both Node.js and PHP can run on almost any platform.
PHP VS NODE.JS EXTENSIBILITY
You might want to extend these technologies to fit your own circumstances. You can always fork the source code, modify it, and compile to extend. But there are also add-ons and package managers for both platforms, which we’ll talk about more a bit later. For now, it’s important to note that Node.js and PHP can be extended. They’re open source, and there is a rich ecosystem of add-ons from which to draw. Node.js has a rich package registry at npmjs.com with strong community contributions. However, PHP has two popular package managers: PEAR and Composer.
NODE.JS VS PHP PERFORMANCE
The performance of an application depends on a lot of factors. Programming, environment, performance of dependencies such as databases, and usage will impact performance. Since Node.js and PHP generally aren’t used in the same way, it’s going to be tough to compare performance directly. Node.js will typically be used to serve up API requests, so it’s usually just a thin layer between a web client and a database. On the other hand, you might use PHP for the whole stack including the compilation and rendering of a webpage.
WHAT ARE THE KEY DIFFERENCES BETWEEN NODE.JS VS PHP?
PHP vs Node.js are probably more different than similar. If you look at the most popular websites in the world, most of them use more than one back-end language. PHP is among the most widely used. Know what isn’t? Node.js, that’s what. In fact, it isn’t even listed as a back-end language for any of the top websites.
PHP VS NODE.JS AND RUNTIME VS. LANGUAGE
PHP is a scripting language. Theoretically, you could run it in a browser if you had an interpreter. That’s why Node.js is the winner here since it acts on its own. PHP relies on a separate web server and doesn’t really do anything that can’t be done by other popular languages.
PHP VS NODE.JS DESKTOP APPLICATIONS
Node.js really has come a long in way in terms of its applications. For a while, it was primarily used to serve web requests using something like Express. It’s also popular for communicating over sockets via socket.io. But nowadays, it’s used in so many other ways, such as in building web applications using popular build tools like grunt, gulp, or webpack. These build engines are responsible for compiling and optimizing all the front-end code in so many applications today. Plus, desktop applications such as Skype, Visual Studio Code, and Slack are being built on Node.js. And those are only a few of the most notable that use Electron alone. PHP is primarily used to serve web applications. But don’t be fooled! It can be used to do almost anything since you can execute it directly via the CLI. So in terms of desktop applications, Node.js is clearly the winner.
PHP VS NODE.JS SOURCE CODE
Node.js is written in C++. Its GitHub has 25,000 commits, 131 branches, 522 releases, and 2,379 contributors as of this writing. There are 504 open issues and 222 pull requests. Whereas, PHP is written in C. Its GitHub is a mirror of the official PHP Git. It has 109,885 commits, 287 branches, 940 releases, and only 580 contributors. It’s a bit tougher with PHP to get to all the issues and feature requests since the feature requests are on php.net rather than on GitHub.
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